In This Section:
Professor Dr. A.D.M.E. (Ab) Osterhaus
Professor Dr. A.D.M.E. (Ab) Osterhaus started his career in Utrecht (The Netherlands) where he graduated with distinction at the faculty of veterinary sciences. In 1978 he received his PhD degree with Prof. Dr. M.C. Horzinek. He then moved to the RIVM in Bilthoven, where he would stay until 1994. Since then, he has been working at Erasmus MC in Rotterdam. Thirty years of experience in animal and human virology have resulted in a specific interest in viruses that ordinarily affect only animals but that can cross the species barrier. Osterhaus is now a leading authority, able to identify dangerous and elusive new viruses with speed and precision. Osterhaus’ team reacted with exceptional speed to the SARS outbreak of 2003 when they in a collaborative WHO effort proved that a coronavirus was the causative agent. This allowed them to effectively diagnose and isolate suspected cases immediately, which effectively brought SARS under control and countless lives were saved. In 1997 Osterhaus and his team silenced skeptics when they proved that Avian Influenza (H5N1) could be transmitted to humans. Osterhaus has advised and helped health authorities to prepare for potential outbreaks, and, as an individual, has campaigned determinedly for awareness, calling for a global taskforce to prepare for and combat viruses such as H5N1. Throughout his professional career Osterhaus and his team have identified around twenty ‘new’ viruses of humans (such as the human metapneumovirus, hMPV and a novel human coronavirus, HcoV-NL) and animals as well as countless new possible hosts. His research includes studies on virus reservoirs in wildlife, mechanisms of transmission and pathogenesis of zoonotic viruses. In addition, innovative fundamental research on the natural and vaccine-induced immune response and on antiviral drugs is performed to combat the threat posed by human and animal virus infections. As part of his tireless active interest in public health, Osterhaus has acted as Ph.D. mentor for over 50 students, authored over 1000 academic articles, created biotech companies and held several editorial positions. The continuous and groundbreaking work of the so-called ‘virus hunter’ has helped identify and control the spread of deadly viruses and will continue to do so, saving countless lives and changing the face of world health today.